The Japanese army was brewing on the technology and equipment for a wide range of upgrades in the early 1990's. They were ready to reform its army especially after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, and watching the US troops after the Gulf War, rapid technology of light armor, weapons. They made decision to start R & D of their wheeled vehicles, after studied in the U. S. "Stryker" rapid maneuver brigade tactical wheeled vehicles and its technology carefully. The Japanese army believes that in formulating the national defense program outline in early 2000: the collapse of the Soviet Union, its armored clusters constitute pressure has been reduced a lot of their. The type 89 infantry chariot subordinate in the Hokkaido area of Japan, the price is high , which is up to millions of dollars because the unit purchasing price. So they can reduce the number of its deployment. They reached almost the same purpose through the deployment of combat deployment is cheap "wind" series wheeled transport vehicle. But the cost is saved the most.
The Japanese military pressure to reduce the bear in the face of the four northern islands and Hokkaido in the early 90's, along with the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Their military thinking has changed, especially the gradually increasing in the degree of attention to this aspect of wheeled vehicles.
This is the Japanese army standard rapid reaction brigade equipment features, respectively, from left to right: the type 89armored vehicles, light armored vehicles LAV. The Japan Defense Agency technology development contract in the finally obtained after three rounds of screening, excluding the Fuji heavy industry, Komatsu production later in the mid 1990's. Komatsu manufacturing equipment technology weapon is a large number of troops and to attack Southeast Asia division of the Yamashita Wen, it is as a study of military technology and equipment (especially heavy machinery), and the historical development of civil technology in one of the group of 80 years, in the second world war. High mobility, light armored wheeled vehicle research and development began in 1996, and completed the initial design in 1998. 4prototypes were produced. They include the use of the CH47 Chinook cargo experiment, road test, ballistic protection test and later. 4 prototypes were 4000 kilometers to 9000 kilometers of the actual road test.
Light armored vehicles entered the Japanese army column loading test, is used to first-line troops "barbaric violence" in 1999.Although the test process is complicated, the engine compartment sheet metal parts twist over the body fixed standards, a front drive shaft fracture, and after braking deviation etc., have been solved eventually. And was established in 2000, but the car at the beginning of the design, using the "type traction", rather than "technique". And Toyota automobile, Isuzu Motors and Kobe Steel of a full communication, mature technology into existing vehicles, as well as some controllable pre storage technology. So the vehicle using a large number of civilian vehicles spares parts and quality standards. In the repair and maintenance of future provides maximum convenience.
"Winds" high vehicle
Highlight high maneuvering characteristics of American military Hummer M1097A2
At the beginning of research, this will be divided into two type cars. A late type "blast" high vehicle, it is mainly used in workers’ loading fast maneuver similar to the US non armored hummers M998.
Prominent with light armor protection "light armored vehicle"
Armored troops M1025 hummer.
The light armored vehicle made a lot reference from Hummer in the Gulf War and the second Iraq war in the performance of the tactical data in dealing with regular warfare and asymmetric Running Street battles in the beginning of design. They decided to adopt the whole engine, cabin, cabin crew module driving welding structure. According to the French soldiers to participate in the activities of peacekeeping in the Middle East: the description of Japanese light armored vehicles was not the type of nominal as "light". Relative to vehicle weight 3.5 tons level, the average 10-12MMarmor protection, frontal armor thickness was 14MM, the lead core heavy machine gun 12.7MM caliber projectile at the distance of 150 meters, can provide effective protection. 7.62MM rifle cartridge can provide protection surrounding the 100M distance. Vehicle equipped with discharge crack lining. Of course, the Japanese army in the Middle East peacekeeping duties, almost all bear, logistics transportation, base defense of 2 combat missions, and has not been directly tested in battle field. The vehicle to roadside bombs, mines and RPG protection no combat experience.
The integral structure to replace the traditional beam structure with light armored vehicle, in order to deal with the anti tank mines, and roadside explosive injury. And it can optimize the overall vehicle structure.
Power system is the 4H series diesel engine provided by Isuzu, with high & low two boost mode. The maximum power output is 175 horsepower4 speed automatic transmission, transfer case provides level two stalls. The maximum speed of 110 km / h, especially automatic transmission equipped with snow mode. This is especially set for the mobile division stationed in Hokkaido.
Judging from structure diagram: the light armored vehicle with four wheel independent suspension, there is a sub frame in the front and rear , double A arm structure, the universal joint axle drive, a main drive shaft, transmission, transfer case all hidden in the lower part, middle carriage covered by armor plate. Four wheel disc brake. This arrangement has been completely out of civilian off-road vehicle category. In order to improve the tire, the central air charging and discharging system, large diameter bridge bulletproof tyres. And the vehicle bottom covering three maintenance hatch armor protection, bring convenience in peacetime to vehicle transmission gear overhaul. Please note that a type rear suspension arm is similar to the Porsche rear suspension.
As a large assembly can provide the front axle, it comprises a front sub frame front differential, steering and drive axle. The sub frame comprises a steering, drive system.
This is the front sub frame, before the shock absorber assembly, and the front steering rod fixedly connected with the car body feature.
This is a light armored vehicles differential assembly, rear axle shaft, after the lower arm and rear sub frame feature.
This is the light armored vehicle, rear sub frame, a rear shock absorber assembly and welding installation diagram. It uses several fixed point and the lower swing arm connecting the body.
The overall look, it was a great success as a light armored vehicle, and has the potential for modification depth.
A: company level command vehicle B: platoon command vehicle C: generic models D: 01 anti tank missile launch vehicle E: reconnaissance vehicle
The Japanese army panzer divisions in preparation of almost all of the mass with 96 wheeled armored vehicle, high motor vehicles, light armored vehicle and related deformation cars, not including type 90main battle tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, 89 type. Thus the Japanese attach great importance to this one.
Both the high vehicle and light armored vehicles are drawn on the design philosophy and style Hummer, which is its internal cockpit features, please pay attention to the driver on the right:
In the name of peacekeeping.
The Japanese army stationed in the large "peacekeepers" overseas to participate in various military activities, in order to completely change to break the "Peace Constitution" limit at the beginning of 21 Century . The Japanese army participates in UN peacekeeping missions’ formal framework. The U.S. military combat duty in Somalia with the rebels, and provide the U.S. airport security duty in Somalia, Djibouti.
The accumulated use in tropical regions of the Middle East war experience, and puts forward improving details after foreign used a few years time, the Japanese headquarters the United Mitsubishi heavy industry and Komatsu production, were two times improvement. They were improved especially for light armored vehicle rear part, increasing the use of space utilization, matching with the external fuel tank, and installing remote machine gun towers.
The light armored vehicle by the army to focus on the first sergeant ministers, as a sign, the technical and tactical transformation, based on inheriting the Japanese car consistent high quality and reliability, as far as possible to improve comfort, strengthen human efficacy. Even in order to increase in its domestic use efficiency and mobility, are equipped with ETC electronic tag. Because of the purchase price with strong competitiveness, the annual purchase quantity is increasing. Equipment division has also fitted to the first sergeant level. The improvement has been ongoing tension; there was news that the light armored vehicles, each batch, are modified according to the maintenance tasks in the problems exposed in the overseas.